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Who is Suitable for Sleep Music
Our brain constantly produces "electric pulses" or "brain waves" regardless of whether we are awake, sitting, lying down, or sleeping. Brain waves can be divided into four categories based on their frequency of vibration per second:
- β wave (Beta wave): The fastest wave (consciousness). It vibrates 14-38 times per second and is the brain wave when we are awake.
- α wave (Alpha wave): The stable wave (the bridge between consciousness and unconsciousness). It vibrates 8-13 times per second and is present during meditation.
- θ wave (Theta wave): The slow wave (unconsciousness).
- δ wave (Delta wave): The slowest wave (no consciousness). It vibrates 0.5-3.5 times per second. Playing audio with both alpha and delta waves, first relaxing the user's mind and body with alpha waves, and then gradually adjusting the user's brain waves to synchronize with delta waves (i.e., deep sleep), can help users achieve deep sleep.
The Effects of Deep Sleep Music on Different People
A Study on the Intervention Effects of Sleep and Emotion in Leukemia Patients
The purpose of this study was to validate the intervention effects of music appreciation on the sleep and emotion of leukemia patients and to explore a new model of psychological health education for patients. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to evaluate the patients, and audio interventions were conducted daily for four consecutive weeks using music appreciation. The intervention results were measured at the end of the study. The PSQI, SAS, and SDS scores of the patients decreased after the intervention (P < 0.05). The study concluded that music appreciation has a positive impact on the emotion of leukemia patients, promoting better sleep and improving anxiety and depression levels.
A Study on the Effects of Brainwave Music on the Emotional State of College Students
Brainwave music is a new form of music that incorporates the characteristic parameters of brainwave signals into basic musical elements, producing personalized and biologically-based music. This study combined brainwave music with music therapy to investigate the effects of brainwave music on the emotional state of college students. College students are a highly concerned group, and their emotional state directly affects their mental health status. The study aimed to explore a new psychological health counseling method and promote the application of music therapy in college students' mental health education. The study used experimental research methods, recruiting 178 participants, including 96 males and 82 females, and employing a single-factor four-level between-subjects experimental design. The effects of different audio stimuli on the emotional state of college students were investigated, with the brainwave music group serving as the experimental group and the speech group as the control group. The study also included a blank group for controlling other unrelated variables. To ensure the homogeneity of the audio stimuli and eliminate experimental differences caused by different emotions, a pre-experiment screening process was conducted for the speech group materials using a single-factor three-level within-subjects design. The experiment used the Auto-Relax Wi-Fi Intelligent Feedback Group Wireless Stress Reduction System to record the participants' experiences during the experiment.
The Effects of Brainwave Music on Insomnia Patients
Many people suffer from insomnia due to anxiety and tension. Some prepare carefully selected records to play music before sleep to help them fall asleep. However, now it seems that records are no longer needed. Does this mean that insomnia is cured? No. Scientists can now create music based on your brainwave activity.
The Application of Deep Sleep in Postoperative Recovery of Acute Abdomen Surgery Patients
The application of deep sleep music intervention in the postoperative recovery of acute abdomen surgery patients. Method: From March 1, 2018, to May 31, 2019, 76 cases of acute abdomen surgery patients were randomly divided into a control group and a study group, with 38 cases in each group. The control group received routine nursing intervention, while the study group received alpha brain wave music intervention on the basis of the control group. The anxiety and depression emotions, recovery status, the incidence of complications, and satisfaction with nursing work were compared before and after the intervention.
After an intervention, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) scores of both groups were lower than before the intervention, and the study group was lower than the control group (P<0.01). The recovery time of bowel sounds, time to get out of bed, time to resume eating, and length of hospital stay in the study group were all shorter than those in the control group (P<0.01). The incidence of complications in the study group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The satisfaction of nursing work in the study group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05).
On the basis of routine nursing intervention, the implementation of alpha brain wave music intervention can relieve patient anxiety and depression emotions, reduce the incidence of complications, promote patient recovery, and improve patient satisfaction with nursing work.
The Study on the Effect of Sleep on ICU Patients
The effect of deep sleep music combined with acupressure massage on the sleep of ICU patients. Method: From January 2006 to January 2009, 100 patients who were admitted to our hospital's ICU and met the criteria were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group according to their admission order. The treatment group received a special acupressure massage with warm water and rice vinegar soaking feet under a music background, while the control group adopted a comfortable position and closed their eyes to rest after night nursing.
The sleep quality, sleep onset time, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, daily functional impairment, and total score of PSQI in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).
The combination of music background and acupressure massage has a good effect on improving the sleep of ICU patients, which can help improve the sleep quality without toxic side effects and is worth promoting and applying.
The Effects of Deep Sleep Music Therapy on Patients with Acute Stress Disorder and Sleep Disorders Caused by Cerebral Hemorrhage
Introduction This study aims to explore the effects of mindfulness-based music therapy on patients with acute stress disorder and sleep disorders caused by cerebral hemorrhage. The study divided 70 patients with cerebral hemorrhage and co-existing sleep disorders into two groups randomly: a control group and an intervention group. The control group received routine care, while the intervention group received mindfulness-based soothing music training in addition to routine care, with continuous intervention for 14 days. Before and after the intervention, the study used multi-channel sleep monitoring (PSG), Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) to evaluate the difference in non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep between the two groups, as well as subjective sleep quality and acute stress disorder.
Dr. Christopher Winter, a researcher in neurology and sleep medicine, said BMR is measured after eight hours of sleep and under fasting and neutral temperature conditions so that the energy expended for rest is actually measured. During sleep, the body burns about 95 percent of the calories it does during simple rest.
Therefore, if you can find the average calorie consumption of a person at rest (for example 45 calories/hour just mentioned above), you can calculate the calories burned during sleep. According to the formula proposed by Dr. Christopher Winter:
After the intervention, the total score of SASRQ in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the control group. The proportion of total sleep time to recording time, duration of NREM sleep, and duration of stage 3 and stage 4 sleep were significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01).
Mindfulness-based music therapy can effectively increase deep sleep time and its proportion, improve sleep quality and alleviate acute stress disorder in patients with cerebral hemorrhage and co-existing sleep disorders.
The Effects of Music Intervention on the Growth and Development of Premature Infants
This study aimed to investigate the effects of music intervention on premature infants' growth and development. The study randomly divided 112 premature infants into an observation group (n=56) and a control group (n=56). The control group received routine care, while the observation group received music intervention in addition to routine care. The study compared the daily weight gain, length of hospital stay, milk intake, and feeding tolerance between the two groups of premature infants.
The daily weight gain of the observation group was higher than that of the control group. The length of hospital stay was shorter in the observation group than in the control group. Milk intake was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group, and feeding intolerance was significantly reduced. Conclusion: Music intervention can improve premature infants' feeding tolerance, enhance nutrition, accelerate weight gain, and promote their growth and development.
Sleep disorders are a common health problem in today's society, with a prevalence rate of 23% to 31% in the general population. Among various interventions for sleep disorders, brainwave music has shown some effectiveness in intervention and treatment, attracting a large number of neuroscientists, psychologists, and medical researchers to conduct relevant studies. However, previous experiments mainly relied on behavioral questionnaires, and fewer studies analyzed from the perspective of brain waves. Therefore, this study explored the promoting effect of two typical scale-free brainwave music on sleep from the perspective of brain waves. Slow-wave sleep brainwave music (SWS) and rapid eye movement sleep brainwave music (REM) were selected as experimental materials, and white noise (WN) was selected as a control condition. The experiment recruited 32 eligible participants who were randomly divided into three groups, including 12 people in the SWS group, 10 people in the REM group, and 10 people in the WN group. During the experiment, the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) of each participant was collected first. Then, the participant was instructed to listen to the corresponding brainwave music for 30 minutes before bedtime for six consecutive days. The sleep EEG has collected again on the seventh day. After the experiment, the EEG data before and after listening to brainwave music were analyzed in combination with knowledge of sleep medicine. The results showed that the SWS group could shorten the time to fall asleep by 40.82%, extend the total sleep time by 21.32%, prolong deep sleep time by 3.44%, and increase the average power spectrum value of the deep sleep phase by 0.83μV2/Hz (studies have shown that the higher the power spectrum value of deep sleep phase, the better the sleep quality); the REM group could shorten the time to fall asleep by 42.39%, extend deep sleep time by 12.55%, and increase the average power spectrum value of deep sleep phase by 0.02μV2/Hz; the deep sleep phase average power spectrum of the WN group decreased by 3.95μV2/Hz, and there was no significant difference in other indicators (see Table 1). In summary, both SWS brainwave music and REM brainwave music have a positive effect on promoting sleep, and the effect of SWS brainwave music is more significant, while white noise has no significant effect. Therefore, listening to brainwave music may become a new method to promote sleep.No matter who you are or what situation you're in, as long as you choose music that you feel comfortable listening to, you can let this melody help you easily achieve deep sleep.